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How to install Ubuntu Server : Step-by-step guide

The latest release of Ubuntu Server is the 13.04 which includes the latest features including Grizzly release of OpenStack but this release is only supported for nine months. So in this guide I am going to show how to install Ubuntu server 12.04 LTS which is supported till 2017  here. If you want a torrent download, you can get it here. After downloading the image, burn it to a CD/DVD. Load the CD/DVD to drive and boot from it. The system will prompt us to select the language. Select English or whatever language you prefer.

Then click on “Install Ubuntu Server”.

Then choose the language to be used for the installation process which will also be set for the installed system. I chose English.

Then the system will ask you to select your location. This location will be used automatically set your time zone. There is a list of some countries. If your country is not displayed in the list click “Other otherwise click on your country. I selected India.

Then the system will ask whether you want it to detect the keyboard layout. If you don’t know your keyboard layout, select “Yes otherwise select “No”.

If you select No, it will ask you to select the keyboard layout. My selection is “English(US)”.

Then the system will start loading additional components.

Then the system will autoconfigure your network with DHCP.

Then the system will prompt you to enter a hostname for the computer. I named it as ubuntu.

Then the system will ask you to create an user account. The username should start with a lowercase letter and can be a combination of letters and numbers.

Then you are asked to set a password for the user account created. The password should contain a mixture of letters, numbers and punctuation.

Then you are asked to verify the password by typing it once again.

Then you are asked if you want to encrypt your home directory or not. Encryption prevents your files to be compromised even if your computer is stolen. I recommend you to select “Yes”.

Based on the location we chose above, our time zone is selected. If your time zone is correct, select “Yes” otherwise No to change it.

Then you are asked to choose your partitioning method.

Then you are asked to select the disk to be partitioned.

Then you are shown the summary of partitions to be formatted and whether you want to write the changes to the disks. Select “Yes”.

Then installation of base system is started.

If you want to connect with the outside world through HTTP proxy, give the information otherwise leave it blank.

Then configuration of apt starts.

After the configuration, installation of software starts.

Then you are asked to select how do you manage upgrades to the system. I recommend you to select “Automatic security updates”.

Then you are given a choice to install  predefined software applications. If you intend to set a web server, you can select LAMP server here.

The system will install the selected features and it will clean up.

If this the only OS on your computer, the system will ask you if you want to install the GRUB bootloader.

After GRUB is installed, installation is completed. Remove your DVD.

You are asked to provide your authentication. Enter the credentials you gave while installing the system and this screen below should greet you.