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CVE-2022-25636 : Linux Privilege Escalation

Hello aspiring Ethical Hackers. In this article you will learn about another Linux Privilege Escalation vulnerability tracked as CVE-2022-25636 and its exploitation. I am saying another because this vulnerability comes immediately after recently discovered Linux Dirty Pipe vulnerability.

CVE-2022-25636 is a vulnerability that affects the Linux Netfilter component. What is netfilter? It is an open source framework provided by the Linux kernel that allows various networking-related operations to be implemented in the form of customized handlers. Its functions include packet filtering, network address translation and port translation. All Linux Firewall utilities i.e Iptables, nftables, ufw etc use Netfilter in their operations.

Exploitation of this vulnerability can give attackers root privileges on the target system, allow them to escape containers and in worst case induce a kernel panic. This vulnerability affects Linux kernel versions 5.4 to 5.6.10. The target OS include Ubuntu, Debian, RedHat etc.

However, there’s no clarity on which kernel versions are actually vulnerable. In my testing, this failed to work on Ubuntu 21.10 kernel version 5.13.0-10 but worked every time on Ubuntu 21.10 with kernel version 5.13.0-30 (without giving any panic). Let’s have a look at how the exploitation worked for me.

To exploit this privilege escalation vulnerability, anybody needs to have access on the target system with Low User Privileges as shown below.

Once I have a shell on the target, I download the exploit from Github as shown below.

Next, I navigate into the CVE-2022-25636 directory and compile the exploit as shown below.

Then I executed the exploit as shown below.

As readers can see, I successfully got a shell with root privileges.