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Setup Vulhub Lab For hacking practice

Hello aspiring ethical hackers. In this article you will learn how to setup a Vulhub lab for pen testing practice. Getting instances of vulnerable software is one of the most important requirement for practicing penetration testing. Vulhub provides an open-source collection of pre-built vulnerable docker environments. The best thing about Vulhub is that readers don’t need any pre-existing knowledge of dockers and their operation. The only requirement is Docker should already be installed on the system to be able to use Vulhub.

Let’s see how to setup Vulhub Lab. We will do this in Kali Linux on which we already installed Docker earlier. In Kali Linux, open a Terminal and use wget or Git to download the zip archive of Vulhub as shown below.

Once the download is finished, extract the contents of the vulhub-master.zip using unzip command.

This will create a new directory named vulhub-master.

Start the Docker service.

Once the Docker service is started, navigate into the vulhub-master directory and you should see many vulnerable docker images.

vulhub

Let’s start the WordPress Docker container for testing. Although this container is vulnerable with a different vulnerability, we will use it for showing exploitation of a different vulnerability. Navigate into the WordPress directory and start the docker container as shown below.

Once the container is started, use command “docker ps” to see all the docker processes running

Every docker container has a container ID. The one with container ID 2522cc4********* is our WordPress docker container. We can use command “docker inspect <container id>” to get more information about the particular Docker container.

The IP address of the WordPress Docker container is 172.22.0.3. The Gateway address is that of the Kali host machine (172.22.0.1). Enter the IP address of the docker container in the browser and you will be prompted to set the password for the WordPress instance.

Here is the WordPress website we just created (we wanted to set the site title as docker test but misspelled it to docket test).

Go to Exploit Database and download the vulnerable wp-responsive-thumbnail-slider plugin. The plan is to install this vulnerable plugin in WordPress.

Login into the WordPress dashboard with the credentials you set up.

Upload the plugin and activate it.

Now, start Metasploit and load the wp_responsive_thumbnail_slider_upload module.

Set the docker container IP address (172.22.0.3) and check if the target is vulnerable.

The “check” command confirms that the target is indeed vulnerable. It’s time to exploit it. Set the LHOST option to the IP address of the gateway (172.22.0.1). Set the WPusername and WPpassword options to the credentials you have set in the beginning and then execute the module.

The target we set on docker is exploited successfully. The Vulhub Lab we set up is working successfully.

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How to create a web application pentest lab

Good Evening friends. Today we will see a step by step guide on how to create a web application pen test lab .

For creating this lab, I am using a host machine with Windows 7 installed on it. We also need the following software.

1. Wamp server ( Download here)

2. Vulnerawa ( Download here )

3. Vmware Workstation or Oracle Virtualbox ( Download here )

4. Kali Linux ( Download here )

Download the above software to your system. Install Wamp server. For this WAPT lab, we will use Vulnerawa as a vulnerable website or target website. Extract the contents of the vulnerawa.zip folder to the root folder of the Wamp server. Now open a browser and and type localhost in the URL bar to see if you can see the victim webapp as shown below.

Click on “Create Database” to create some data which we will use in our future howto’s.

Now let’s change the permissions of the Wamp server to access it from our attacker machine. Go to Apache>httpd.conf as shown below.

You should see the httpd.conf as shown below. Type CTRL+F and search for word “stuff”. After you find it, make changes as shown below in the red box. Save the file by typing CTRL+S and restart the Wamp server.

Now install Kali Linux in Vmware Workstation or Oracle Virtualbox (see how ). Set the network adapter to NAT. Now open command line in your host machine and check the IP address assigned to your host machine as shown below by typing command “ipconfig”. Since I am using Vmware Workstation my network adapter is Vmware network adapter vmnet8. The IP address assigned to my host machine is 192.168.64.1.

Now start your attacker machine( Kali Linux ), open browser and type the address 192.168.64.1 in the url bar and see if you can access the victim web application as shown below.

web application pentest lab

Your web application pentest lab is ready. Happy hacking.

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Create Virtual pentesting Lab in VirtualBox

Hello aspiring hackers. In this howto you will see how to create virtual pentesting lab in Virtualbox. Sometime back, I wrote an article on how to set up a virtual penetration testing lab using Vmware Workstation. But Vmware Workstation is a commercial product.

Today I am going to show you how to create a pen test lab in VirtualBox absolutely free of cost. I hope this tutorial will be helpful for many beginners into cyber security domain.

What do we need?

1. Oracle VirtualBox. (Download)

2. Kali Linux. (Download)

3. Metasploitable 2. (Download)

Oracle VirtualBox is the virtualization software we will be using to create our lab. We will be using Kali Linux as the attacker machine and Metasploitable 2 as the victim machine. Install Kali Linux and Metasploitable 2 in VirtualBox.

See how to install Kali Linux in VirtualBox.

See how to install Metasploitable in VirtualBox.

Select Kali Linux, Go to settings > network. Enable “network adapter 1″.Set the “Attached to” option to “internal network”. Set the name of the network adapter to “intnet”. Click on “OK”to save the settings.

Do the same for Metasploitable virtual machine.

virtual pentesting lab

Power on the metasploitable VM. Log into the system. Default username and password are “msfadmin”.

Type the command “ifconfig”to see the IP addresses of interfaces.

The ‘lo’ interface is the loopback. Now we are going to set the IP address on the interface “eth0”. Type the command “sudo ifconfig eth0 10.10.10.2 netmask 255.0.0.0 up”. The sudo password is “msfadmin. Verify that the IP address is set by typing command “ifconfig”.

Power on Kali Linux. In the terminal, type command “ifconfig eth0 10.10.10.1 netmask 255.0.0.0 up”. Verify if the IP address is set by typing command “ifconfig”.

Test whether this system can communicate with victim system by pinging the victim machine as shown below.

The connection is successful. Our virtual pentesting lab is ready. Happy practicing.

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Virtual pentesting lab : Step by Step guide

Virtual pentesting lab is a lab created on a single system using any virtualization software. It can be very helpful for people practicing for CEH or similar certification. Any penetration testing lab has two machines, attacker and victim. In this lab we will set up Kali Linux as the attacker and Windows XP( most favorite victim machine ) as the victim. I am going to set up this lab in Vmware Workstation 9. Hope this will be helpful.

First of all install Kali Linux and Windows XP in Vmware Workstation.

Shut them down. In the Vmware Workstation menu, Select Edit”and click on Virtual Network editor.

The window below will open showing the virtual network adapters. Click on “Add network”.

Vmware provides nine virtual networks from 0 to 9. Vmnet0, Vmnet1 and Vmnet8 are automatically assigned for bridged, Host-only and NAT types of network respectively. Select the network “Vmnet3″.

We can see that our network is added as Host-Type with a automatically assigned subnet IP.

virtual pentesting lab

Click on our network. We can see its settings below.

Deselect the option ‘Connect a host virtual adapter to thenetwork’. This’. This‘.This will make our network a custom type. Change the subnet IP to 10.10.10.0( choice is yours). Select the ‘Use local DHCP service to distribute IP address to VMs‘ option. This will automatically assign IP addresses to our machines. Click on ‘DHCP settings‘.

You will see the below window. Make changes if you like. I am going to leave it default. Click OK twice to exit.

We have successfully created our custom network. Now let’s add our machines to the network. Open the tab of Kali Linux and click on ‘network adapter‘ setting.

In the settings, select the ‘custom radio button and select the network Vmnet3 from the dropdown menu. Click on OK.

Do the same for Windows XP. Then let’s boot up our victim machine and check it’s IP address by typing ‘ipconfig‘ in the command line. The DHCP server has automatically assigned it the IP address 10.10.10.129.

Boot the attacker machine and check it’s IP address by typing ‘ifconfig’in the terminal. It has been assigned the address 10.10.10.128.

Ping the victim IP machine (10.10.10.129) to see whether the two machines can communicate.

We have successfully created a virtual pentesting lab. Happy testing.