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Evil Twin Attack

Hello aspiring ethical hackers. In this article, you will learn about Evil Twin Attack. Till now in our blog, readers have learnt about various wireless hacking tutorials like cracking WEP, cracking WPA/WPA2 and cracking WPS. Almost all of these hacking methods involved brute forcing or password cracking. What if there was another easier way to hack wireless networks without the need of brute forcing.

Well, Evil Twin Attack is one such attack. An evil twin attack is a wireless attack in which a fake Wi-Fi access point is set up with the same SSID as that of the original one. This fake access point appears to be legitimate but is actually set up to eavesdrop on wireless communications of the original one. The evil twin is the wireless LAN equivalent of the phishing scam.

Since it has the same name, it’s called twin and as it is malicious it can be termed Evil Twin. The aim of this attack is to confuse users trying to connect to the target Wi-Fi network and make them connect to the Evil Twin instead and thus capture sensitive data. Let’ s see it practically. There are many tools that can be used for this attack but let’s use a tool called Wifiphisher because it’s the simplest one. Our Attacker system is Kali Linux. Wifiphisher can be installed on Kali Linux as shown below.

Once installation is finished, Wifiphisher can be started using command.

sudo wifiphisher

Then the tool will prompt you to select the Wi-Fi Access Point of which you want to create an Evil twin.

For this tutorial as always (OK, most of the time) I will select the Wi-Fi network “Hack_Me_If_You_Can” as my target.

The tool will prompt you the available phishing scenarios available. For this case, OAuth Login Page attack is available.

The OAuth Login Page attack creates a fake login page asking for credentials of the users who want to connect. Note that while creating a fake access point, it is created as an open network unlike the one we are targeting. I select the OAuth Login Page attack and the attack starts.

So just imagine while we are running this Fake access point, some mobile user is looking for available Wi-Fi networks to connect to. He will see two networks with the same name and gets confused. Once he selects our Evil Twin to connect to, he will be prompted with a login page as shown below.

evil twin attack

Here, he is being asked to submit his Facebook credentials of course by dangling the carrot of free internet. The login page is so believable even to me. And if the user falls for the trick (or carrot) and submits his credentials as shown below.

On Kali Linux, the activity is recorded as shown below.

and the credentials are captured successfully.

That looked simple enough. But where can Evil Twin Attack become successful? In many areas but especially where there are free Wi-Fi access points. Imagine creating an Evil twin with the same name as the original.

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Cracking Wifi passwords automatically with Wifite

Hello aspiring ethical hackers. In this article, you will learn about a tool named Wifite. It is an automatic Wireless password cracking tool that tries almost all known methods of wireless cracking like Pixie-Dust attack, Brute-Force PIN attack, NULL PIN attack, WPA Handshake Capture + offline crack, The PMKID Hash Capture + offline crack and various WEP cracking attacks.
Wifite is installed by default on Kali Linux. Just like any wireless password cracking method, Wifite needs monitor mode to be enabled on the wireless interface as shown below. However, it automatically enables this monitor mode but if it fails to enable it, you can enable it manually as shown below.

Let’s see how Wifite works in cracking WEP, WPA and WPS enabled networks. Once everything is ready, open terminal and start Wifite using command as shown below.

wifite

It starts displaying all the wireless networks in your vicinity as shown below.

Let’s target the Access Point “Hack_Me_If_You_Can” which has WEP security enabled. Once you select the access point you want to target, hit CTRl + C and enter the number of that access point. In our case it is “1”.

As soon as you enter the number of that access point, Wifite tries out various attacks against the access point and grabs its password as shown below.

WEP is too easy. Let’s see how it fares in cracking WPA password. We start Wifite as shown above. Our target is once again “Hack_Me_If_You_Can”. However, as you can see it is secured with WPA now.

It starts attacking employing various methods as shown below.

Now, let’s target a Access Point with WPS pin enabled.

As you can see, Wifite is successful in cracking WEP, WPA and WPS keys automatically without running any complex commands . Learn how to crack Wifi passwords with Besside-ng.

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Besside -ng : A tool to hack Wi – Fi automatically

Hello aspiring Ethical hackers. In this article, we will learn about a tool named Besside -ng, which can automatically crack WEP passwords and log WPA handshakes. This tool authored by Andrea Bittau is made in the line of another tool, Wesside-ng which only cracks WEP passwords automatically.

Before you run Besside-ng, monitor mode should be enabled on the wireless interface as shown below.

Once monitor mode is enabled on the wireless interface, we can run Besside-ng as shown below to automatically crack all the WEP passwords and log WPA handshakes.

If you want to crack the WEP password of a single Access Point, the command is as shown below

where “-c” is used to specify the channel the Wireless Access Point is running on and “-b” is the –bssid of the Wi -Fi access point.

how to use besside to crack wifi passwords

Besside-ng automatically starts creating traffic and cracking the WEP key as shown below.

As you can see in the above image, it cracked a 64bit ASCII WEP key in less than 1 minute. How about 64 bit hexadecimal WEP key that’s a bit complex.

This key was cracked in 63 seconds. How long it will take to crack the same key we cracked earlier with aircrack?

It took just 45 seconds to crack the password. This time, I generated a complex WEP key and tried again. The key was cracked in around 15 minutes as shown below.

Here’s the WEP key I set.

Just like cracking WEP, even Cracking WPA can be automated using tool besside-ng. To do this, we run besside-ng on the target wi-fi network.

Besside-ng automatically captures WPA handshake. Then all we have to do is run aircrack on the wpa.cap file.

The WPA key has been cracked successfully.

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Crack WEP passwords with aircrack

Hello aspiring Ethical Hackers. In this post, we will see how to crack WEP passwords with aircrack. I bought a new Alfa Wireless Adapter and I want to get straight away into cracking a WEP password. My Attacker machine is Kali Linux which is installed on VMware. So I first connected the GOD given ALFA Wireless adapter to my laptop, make sure it is connected to the virtual machine, open a terminal in Kali Linux and type command “iwconfig” to make sure my wireless adapter is connected.

Then I start monitor mode on the wireless interface. Monitor mode is just like promiscuous mode on wired interfaces. When in monitor mode, the wireless adapter sniffs on all the wireless traffic around.

I once again run the “iwconfig” command to have a look at the wireless interfaces to confirm monitor mode started on the Wireless interface.

As you can see the name of the wireless interface changed from waln0 to wlan0mon. The monitor mode is on. To see all the traffic being observed by the wireless interface, I run the command airodump-ng on the wireless interface.

how to crack wep with aircarck

As you can see, this shows all the wireless traffic. There are many wireless networks available but my target is the Wi-Fi Access point I named “Hack_Me_If_You_Can”. I use the same airodump-ng to target the MAC address of target’s Access point and route all the traffic it has to a file named wep_hc_crack.

In the above image, you can see the clients connected to the targeted Wi-Fi Access point. All the traffic belonging to the Wi-Fi access point hack me if you can will be saved in the file wep_hc_crack.cap. What I am looking for is the initialization vectors that are used in cracking WEP. This initialization vectors play a key role in cracking the password of this Wi-Fi access point.

How? As I already told you, I will not tell you the technical jargon of this article for now. Just remember the more IV’s we have, the more the chances of cracking the WEP password. Since I need more traffic to crack the WEP password fast, I can use some Jugaad to create more traffic. A feature of aircrack-ng, aireplay-ng helps us to create more traffic. It has various methods of creating additional traffic. One such method is ARP request replay attack. According to the website of aircrack,

The classic ARP request replay attack is the most effective way to generate new initialization vectors (IVs), and works very reliably. The program listens for an ARP packet then retransmits it back to the access point. This, in turn, causes the access point to repeat the ARP packet with a ne- w IV. The program retransmits the same ARP packet over and over. However, each ARP packet repeated by the access point has a new IVs. It is all these new IVs which allow you to determine the WEP key. This attack can be started as shown below.

where “-h” option is used to specify the MAC address of any client we want to use. Here is another way in which you can start the ARP replay attack.

As initialization vectors start collecting in the wep_hc_crack file, I can use aircrack to try cracking the password. The command is “aircrack-ng wep_hc_crack.cap“.

If the initialization vectors are too less (in this case I have a new 20) aircrack wait for enough initialization vectors. I continue the ARP request replay attack until traffic increases.

You can see the traffic increasing. All have to do is play the game of patience now .

After collecting almost 25000 IV’s aircrack finally cracked the WEP password. The password of the Wi-Fi access point is 1234567899. It’s a 64bit hexadecimal key. As you can see, it took me around one hour thirty five minutes for me to crack the password.

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Wifi DOS Deauthentication attack with mdk3

Good Evening friends. Today we will learn how to perform Wifi DOS attack on Wifi networks. We will use a tool called mdk3 which is inbuilt in Kali Linux and we need a compatible wifi adapter for this attack. A Dos attack stands for Denial Of Service attack. If all is set, open a terminal and type command “mdk3” to see various attacks available in this tool as shown below.

wifi dos

Scroll down to see more options. We can see the various testing modes available in this tool. We will use the deauthentication attack for this Wifi DOS. As the name implies, this attack disconnects all clients connected to the wifi network.

Before we start our attack, we have to start our adapter in monitor mode. Type command “airmon-ng start wlan0“. (where wlan0 is your wifi interface and may differ for you).

Then type command “mdk3 mon0 d -i <ESSID name>” and you will see the tool disconnecting all the clients connected to the Wifi network you are targeting. Here,

“mon0” – is the interface where monitor mode has been started. This can be different for you.

d – is the de authentication mode

ESSID – is the name of the Wifi network.

Hope this was helpful. Learn how to crack wifi passwords.